Ethical Considerations and Publication Ethics

We abide by a strict ethical code of conduct to maintain transparency, merit, and high-quality research. The author will ensure the manuscript adheres to ethical guidelines regarding authorship, plagiarism, and data manipulation. An author may also be required to provide appropriate permissions and disclosures for using copyrighted materials.

An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journals concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior. Submission of previously published or submitted paper to any other research journal is considered to be a violation of publication ethics.

We encourage the best standards of publication ethics and take all possible measures against publication malpractices. The content of this journal is characterized by scientific integrity and adheres to international ethical standards for research publications. Our guidelines are fully consistent with the COPE Principles of Transparency and Best Practice Guidelines and the COPE Code of Conduct. More details can be found here: