Plagiarism Policy

In the wake of fundamental improvements being introduced in the system of Higher Education in Pakistan, credit, respect, recognition of research and scholarly publications, career development, and financial gains are now linked with such original works accomplished without replicating the efforts of other researchers. It has therefore become necessary that the menace of plagiarism is highlighted and curbed through exemplary, punitive actions. Plagiarism takes many forms, from “passing off” another´s paper as the author´s paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another´s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

The ethical guidelines and plagiarism policy provided by the HEC ( will be followed by the authors for publication in JLJ. Plagiarism for all the manuscripts will be checked using Turnitin plagiarism check software. The similarity index must be less than 16%. It is the writers' duty to be aware of plagiarism in all its forms, including self-plagiarism and paraphrasing.

An author will be provided three chances to remove the plagiarism if found to exceed the mentioned similarity index value. After that, the manuscript will be returned and will not be further considered for publication. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.  

On further request, the corresponding author will be required to provide an explanation. If the author/s fails to respond within the allotted timeframe or provides an inadequate justification, the article will be permanently withdrawn and their identity will be blocked.